Ecuador-China Relations

Lorena Herrera-Vinelli and Mateo Bonilla
Publication Date: 
December 1st, 2019

Two burning academic and policy questions in the study of Latin American and Caribbean- China ties relate to the effects of China’s rising trade, investment and financial presence on Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) country foreign and domestic policies. In this article, we study the case of Ecuador, focusing on Rafael Correa’s administration (2007–2016), as a way to delve into these issues. As conventional wisdom about the power of economics suggests, we find that Ecuador’s foreign and domestic policies have inclined towards China and Chinese companies. However, this was not solely because of China’s economic allure. Ecuador’s stance also has something to do with the fact that better ties with China and receptivity to Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI) flows fit the government’s international economic and political agenda. Moreover, they also conformed to the social agenda of Ecuadorian leaders, which made it even more logical to pursue warm ties with Beijing and create an open door for Chinese outward FDI (OFDI). As for Correa specifically, his regime sought to bring in Chinese OFDI as a means to promote a new growth model as well as his development philosophy Buen Vivir.

****This article flowed from a special issue on Chinese FDI in Latin America organized by the Wong MNC Center. It is published in Journal of Chinese Political Science, Vol. 24, No. 4 (December 2019) and viewable at: Copyright remains with the original holders.