Publications of Wong MNC Center Staff, Advisory Board Members, and Research Fellows

Latin America’s current socioeconomic relationship with China

Enrique Dussel Peters

This chapter focuses on “globalization process with Chinese characteristics” since 2013 and the United States’ response to this challenge, under the heading of “great power competition” and specific initiatives and policies vis-á-vis China and Latin and American and the Caribbean (LAC). The first section of this chapter seeks to improve the quality of LAC–China analysis based on a thematic distinction of this relationship, also integrating explicitly existing research and proposals.

Going Digital Multinationals: Navigating Economic and Social Imperatives in a Post-pandemic World

Niraja Srinivasan and Lorraine Eden

The COVID-19 pandemic has intensified the economic imperative facing multinational corporations (MNCs); i.e., their need to build commercial resilience in response to Industry 4.0 (4IR). This article examines if “going digital” MNCs that are making substantial investments in 4IR technologies could take a socially proactive stance that would rebuild momentum on the United Nations social imperative—the pledge to leave no one behind by achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.

Four Fundamental Factors for Increasing the Host Country Attractiveness of Foreign Direct Investment: An Empirical Study of India

Hwy-Chang Moon and Wenyan Yin

This chapter explores the challenges host countries face when attempting to attract foreign direct investment (FDI), a task made more complicated by protectionist policies and the coronavirus pandemic. This chapter argues that four factors—productive labor, best practice adaptability, cluster competitiveness, and goal-orientation—beyond those traditionally emphasized merit attention. The factors do not stress what countries have, but how they mobilize them. These factors have relevance across countries at different development stages.

Keeping Current on the BRI in the Black Sea: Small Ripples, but no Big Waves

Jean-Marc F. Blanchard

This analysis examines the development of China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in the Black Sea Littoral States (Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Turkey, Russia, and Ukraine), an energy rich and historically strategic region. It shows that, at present, anxieties about the BSLS becoming dependent on China are unwarranted because China’s political, military, economic, and other ties with most BSLS are limited in breadth and depth. In addition, significant manifestations of Chinese outward FDI (OFDI) and infrastructure in the Black Sea Region are sparse.

The Role of Internationalization in Enhancing the Innovation Performance of Chinese EMNEs

Stefano Elia, Mario Kafouros, and Peter J. Buckley

This article enhances our understanding of how different internationalization paths by Emerging Multinational Enterprises (EMNEs) can affect performance. Using a geographic relational approach as well as a portfolio-level analysis, the authors consider six factors relating to entry mode and geography (entry mode, geographic breadth and depth, cultural and institutional distance, and the economic state of the host country).

A New Chinese Economic Order?

Gregory Shaffer and Henry Gao

This article reports on the new and decentralized trade governance model that China is building by exploiting finance, trade, and investment initiatives. Memorandums of understanding, contracts, and trade and investment treaties are creating a hub and spokes legal order with China at the center. The piece initially examines China’s use of state-owned and private enterprise investments and commercial contracts to export its infrastructure-based development model. It then looks at China’s use of free trade and investment agreements as well as domestic innovation policy to complement this.

Foreign Direct Investment Screening and Congressional Backlash Politics in the United States

Brandice Canes-Wrone, Lauren Mattioli, and Sophie Meunier

This article contributes to the literature on the ongoing anti economic globalization backlash by studying the United States (US)’ safeguards relating to foreign direct investment (FDI). Despite the US’s traditional welcoming attitude towards FDI, some deals have garnered negative political attention resulting in readjustments to the institutions that the US uses to manage inward FDI (IFDI) flows. The rise of China as a major source of IFDI has presented new challenges and spurred new limitations.

China’s MSRI in Africa and the Middle East: Political Economic Realities Continue to Shape Results and Ramifications

Jean-Marc F. Blanchard

This chapter serves both as a primer on China’s Maritime Silk Road Initiative (MSRI) and the MSRI in Africa as well as the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and the introduction to the edited volume. It begins with background on the history, features, and goals of China’s MSRI, noting various contemporary issues surrounding China’s ambitious scheme.

Iran in China’s Maritime Silk Road Initiative (MSRI): Bounded Progress and Bounded Promise

Manochehr Dorraj and Jean-Marc F. Blanchard

Iran is one of China’s most important partners in the Middle East and it hosts extensive Chinese investment and infrastructure projects. Iran is central player in China’s Maritime Silk Road Initiative (MSRI) and given the aforementioned situation many believed Iran would provide fertile soil for the development of the MSRI. An analysis of the scale and implementation of the MSRI in Iran, however, does not track with such expectations.

The Maritime Silk Road Initiative and Ethiopia: Transforming Policies, Institutions, and Politics in Expected and Unexpected Ways

Jean-Marc F. Blanchard and Edson Ziso

Ethiopia has very close political, military, and economic relations with China, with some arguing Addis Ababa has become a near client state of China’s as a result of its economic needs, China’s trade, foreign direct investment, loan, and infrastructure offerings, and the allure of the Maritime Silk Road Initiative (MSRI). This chapter offers a discussion of the MSRI in Ethiopia, which demonstrates the MSRI has been progressing relatively smoothly, though it faces genuine challenges. It also shows the perspective that Ethiopia is a client state is overly simplistic.