Asian Development Bank

Dr. Scott MacDonald's picture

The Return of the Great Game and Infrastructure

The Great Game was a geopolitical contest for influence and dominance in Central Asia between Tsarist Russia and the British Empire that occurred in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The game was played out over vast distances, with a mix of spies, money and armies.

Mr. Naoyuki Haraoka's picture

Infrastructure for Global Value Chains

The nature of the utilization of global value chains (GVCs) is a key element in determining the type of activity of multinational enterprises (MNEs). At the most primitive stage, trade in agricultural, mineral, or light-industrial products is dominant and relatively slow paced. Thus, there is little time sensitivity. At the second stage, business operations are more sophisticated and time sensitive.

MNCs in the News-2017-09-15

China’s potentially massive electric car market and regulatory pressure charge up foreign auto firms’ willingness to share technology and invest in the sector. China plans to blacklist and potentially punish blacklisted Chinese outward investors that become “discreditable.” National security concerns lead American President Donald Trump to crunch Lattice chip’s sale to Chinese buyer. The European Commission has come up with a pan-European measure to vet Chinese investments in the European Union (EU). Thailand’s military junta assures Japanese investors proposed plan for USD $45 billion injection into Thailand’s Eastern Economic Corridor will go ahead regardless of the results of the next election. Suzuki Motor partnering with Toshiba and Denso to invest in electric vehicle facilities in India in line with the latter’s “Make in India” initiative and increasing demand for green mobility. Hyundai releases plans for electric vehicle manufacturing plant in India after Indian government pledges to ban sales of non-EV cars by 2030. South Korean retail giant Lotte Group has begun making plans to sell its China shops due to politically-related pressures in China. Asian Development Bank to support Indonesia’s energy sector. China’s expanded investment in Thailand raises local anxieties. The divestment of numerous Vietnamese SOEs has problematic features that discourage foreign investment. Southern Vietnamese province promoting investment in several industrial sectors through policy reforms and other initiatives.

MNCs in the News-2017-05-12

Germany’s top financial regulator generically welcomes Chinese investment in Germany’s financial sector. Tokyo and Beijing discuss bilateral economic relations and cooperation, as Japan fears potential spillover of China’s economic problems. India’s Finance Minister invites Japanese companies and financial institutions to engage in India’s “Made in India” initiative. POSCO and SeAH Steel join growing list of Korean multinationals joining American Chamber of Commerce Korea. Malaysian federal government’s support increases Johor’s appeal as a foreign direct investment (FDI) destination. Failure of Chinese bailout deal fuels speculation about future of Chinese investments in Malaysia. Formosa accelerates investment in USD $11.03 billion integrated steel mill project in Vietnam. Vietnam’s Prime Minister meets with Hong Kong delegation to promote infrastructure investment in Vietnam.

MNCs in the News-2016-02-05

Shanghai’s Jiading People’s Court imposed fines and jail terms on OSI China for 2014 safety scandal. China’s General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine orders Volkswagen to recall defective cars. Chinese outward foreign direct investment (FDI) shows no meaningful adverse impact from Chinese efforts to control capital outflows. China rejects media reports that the China-Indonesia high-speed railway project connecting Jakarta with Bandung has been suspended. COSCO looks to win bids for port contracts in Cyprus. Yahoo Japan besieged by criticism about its efforts to deal with the sale of illegal ivory on its website. Japan and Iran conclude investment pact. Korea’s Fair Trade Commission (FTC) fines Lotte founder and Lotte subsidiaries for false and incomplete reporting of ownership stakes and structures. Korea Water Resources Corporation to partner with Asian Development Bank to limit water waste and improve resource management. Indonesia’s Telekomunikasi blocks Netflix. Indonesia moves to remove barriers hindering infrastructure projects. Indonesia religious group calls for additional study of Jakarta-Bandung high speed rail. Japanese investors encourage Thailand to join the TPP, saying it will have positive investment effects. Vietnam’s Foreign Investment Agency reports positive figures in January for investment growth and disbursements.

MNCs in the News-2015-08-28

China dials up new leadership at its telecommunications giants. Tsinghua Unigroup attempts to chip away at opposition to its purchase of Micron Technology. China investors see stable investment returns on offer in the UK. China’s Yunnan province pushes infrastructure construction to support the One Belt, One Road (OBOR) and other initiatives. Alibaba given 6-month extension to operate in Taiwan while Taiwan appellate body review its case. Japan strives to strengthen its medical and pharmaceutical firms. Japan and Mekong River nations adopt “Mekong Industrial Development Vision.” Japan and China competition to build high-speed railway in Indonesia reaches its final stages. Korea touts its advantages and pursues new policies in order to double inward foreign direct investment (FDI). Korea orders recalls of select Ferrari cars, Harley Davidson motorcycles, and Volvo trucks due to various defects. Toyota puts the brakes on Prius production in Thailand due to tariff dispute. Foreign business leaders in Thailand believe Erawan Shrine bombing will not influence FDI inflows. Investors express complain about the vagueness of Vietnam’s new foreign investment guide.

MNCs in the News-2015-05-29

Hewlett-Packard (HP) sells majority stake in Chinese networking division to Tsinghua University. Beijing will open its service sector to spur greater foreign investment. Blocked Twitter actively courts Chinese companies at Shanghai event. China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology contemplates new software security guidelines. Chinese gold miners in Sudan face unexpected loss of business opportunities due to sudden government termination order. Japanese Prime Minister Abe proposed huge increase in infrastructure financing to aid Japanese businesses and counter China. Indonesia’s Investment Coordinating Board and Indonesian Consulate General in Osaka sign agreement to cooperate on attracting Japanese investment into Indonesia’s maritime sector. Indonesia reaffirms it will takeover Total’s Mahakam gas block and a PT Freeport Indonesia controlled gold site. Vietnam expects law changes to spur new foreign direct investment (FDI) flows into its construction sector. Russia and Vietnam probe expanded investment cooperation.

Mr. Naoyuki Haraoka's picture

AIIB Infrastructure Financing and its Impact on Investment Flows to Developing Countries

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), a newly created Chinese-led regional development bank, is now attracting global attention from governments, businesses, and analysts and seems to be at the center of the debate on global governance; that is, whether it should be US- or China-led in the future. The US and Japan have opted not to join this bank since its governance and objectives remain unclear and, in particular, because it is uncertain how the AIIB will cooperate (or compete) with the existing international financial institutions such as the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the World Bank.